By Martin Lenz, Isabel Iribarren
The character and houses of angels occupied a trendy position in medieval philosophical inquiry. Creatures of 2 worlds, angels supplied excellent floor for exploring the character of God and his construction, being perceived as 'models' in accordance with which an entire variety of questions have been outlined, from cosmological order, circulate and position, to individuation, cognition, volition, and modes of language. This number of essays is an important scholarly contribution to angelology, focused at the functionality and value of angels in medieval hypothesis and its background. The unifying topic is that of the position of angels in philosophical inquiry, the place each one contribution represents a case examine within which the angelic version is obvious to encourage advancements in particular parts and sessions of medieval philosophical inspiration.
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D’Alverny, pp. 206–10; Sermo in die sancti Michaelis, in Alain de Lille, ed. d’Alverny, pp. 249–51. g. men of the cloister To invite men to love the world Men who prefer love of the world to love of God To prevent men from knowing God Wicked men who prefer to study worldly wisdom Fullness of knowledge To guide men Holy students to divine of Scripture knowledge and understanding Sitting in judgement To invite Men who judge Seducers men to justly and not of men discriminate rashly between good and evil Prelates and terrestrial princes who do not uphold the order of justice To teach men to obey and to revere their leaders Men who disobey their superiors and rule their inferiors unreasonably Hyperphany = Dominations Obedient to media visio (qui superiors; set huiusilluminat over inferiors ionis particeps est altiori intelligentia insignitur) Principalities Rulers of the (from iper = lower orders post and phanes = apparitio) Powers The chief function of the angelic orders towards men Invigilators of demons and of the airy powers Men who duly To invite obey their men to prelates and rule disobey their subjects reasonably Men who rule To instruct princes how their subjects to rule their justly people (or to teach men how to show reverence to rulers) Promoters Men who of tyrannical prefer to governments dominate their subjects rather than be of beneﬁt to them To teach men how to resist demonic temptations To resist Men who the Powers suggest evils to others Defenders of the good against the wicked; virile opponents of diabolic suggestions HIERARCHIES IN THE WRITINGS Hypophany = inferior visio (from ipo = sub and phanes = visio) 19 Virtues Agents of divine miracles Men with a To deceive special talent men with for performing prestigia wonders Men who pursue prestigia and divinations Archangels Messengers for greater heavenly pronouncements WellTo suggest intentioned abominable preachers heresies of the more sublime truths concerning God Inventors of abominable heretical testimonies concerning God Angels Messengers for lesser heavenly announcements Protectors of those beneath them; teachers and preachers of lesser truths Lesser heretics deceived by greater ones To suggest falsehoods concerning God Sources among Alan’s writings: Hierarchia, ed.
I am currently preparing a critical edition of the whole commentary in collaboration with Piroska Nagy. V, Urb. lat. MS 480. 16 34 ANGELS IN MEDIEVAL PHILOSOPHICAL INQUIRY dedicated to his provincial minister who, as the preface states, had commissioned its writing. This local dignitary, Bermond d’Anduze, who disappears from the records after 1280, had been a strong support for Olivi during the previous years. He sensed that his protégé had important points to make on the understanding of the PseudoDionysius, and encouraged him to do so.
F. Delorme, Bibliotheca Franciscana Scholastica Medii Aevi, 8 (Quaracchi: Collegium S. Bonaventurae, 1934). Cf. -G. Bougerol, ‘Saint Bonaventure et la hiérarchie dionysienne’, Archives d’histoire doctrinale et littéraire du Moyen Age, 36 (1969): 131–67. See especially Collationes in Hexaemeron, Visio IV, coll. II, ed. Delorme (spoken version) and Collatio XXI, Opera omnia, vol. 5 (enlarged reported version). 4 Bonaventure: The Contemplation of the Sun which Illuminates the Heavenly Hierarchy - as he is in himself: Angels - purgatio: Angels Third principle of hierarchic distinctions: the multiformity of heavenly monarchy (praelatus bene ordinatus) Aspectus ad supremam - unio tranquilla: Seraphim - speculatio clara: Cherubim - susceptio patula et tranquilla: Thrones Aspectus in seipsam ordinata per converionem - imperare quid faciendum: Dominations - prosequi imperatum: Virtues - defendere quod est prosecutum: Powers Aspectus ad nos ordinata per potestatem - quid prosequendum vires administrare: Principalities - quid praeeligendum assistit electioni: Archangels - quid agendum praeest actioni: Angels tria beneﬁcia Sources: Collationes in Hexaemeron, Coll.