By Marco Ottella, Pietro Perlo, Ovidiu Vermesan, Reiner John, Kees Gehrels, Harald Gall (auth.), Gereon Meyer, Jürgen Valldorf (eds.)
The motor vehicle of the longer term has to fulfill basic standards: the super-efficient use of power and gear and the ultra-safe transportation of individuals and items either positive factors are more and more enabled through shrewdpermanent, adaptive and context acutely aware details and conversation applied sciences (ICT), electric or digital parts and structures instead of exclusively via the mechanical technique of vintage automobile engineering. the main complicated instance of this pattern is the electrified motor vehicle combining a whole electrical powertrain with thoroughly digital controls like shrewdpermanent strength and effort managers, steer-by-wire applied sciences and clever networking services. it's been the undertaking of the overseas discussion board on complicated Microsystems for car functions (AMAA) for greater than twelve years now to observe paradigm shifts and to debate their technological implications at an early degree. for this reason, the subject of the AMAA 2010 is “Smart structures for eco-friendly automobiles and secure Mobility”. This ebook includes peer-reviewed convention papers awarded on the convention through specialists of significant businesses and prime educational associations. They document on ongoing learn and novel advancements within the box of ICT, parts and platforms allowing the car and street shipping of the longer term. a specific concentration is on uncomplicated applied sciences and complicated purposes of electrified and electrical cars, street and passenger safeguard, motive force information, site visitors administration and powertrain potency. because of this wide insurance of issues on the topic of sustainability of the auto either the AMAA occasion and this ebook serve the spreading of data generated within the framework of the eu eco-friendly autos Initiative. additional info is out there on www.amaa.de.
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Extra resources for Advanced Microsystems for Automotive Applications 2010: Smart Systems for Green Cars and Safe Mobility
The two different control methods are linked by means of a bump-less transition algorithm. Finally a simulation analysis referring to a case of a experimental Plug-In-HEV vehicle that was realized at Politecnico di Milano in a project co-sponsored by Regione Lombardia [1, 9] has been performed to test the control system. 2 The Reduced Losses Field Oriented Control (RLFOC) In PHEV and FEV ac drives are used as an electrical traction system adopting induction or permanent magnet synchronous motors .
5. 6 Consumption of each vehicle in equivalent liters of gasoline per 100 kilometers Conclusions The electric motors are more energy-efficient that conventional engines, so that these vehicles have an energy saving which is determined by fuel consumption measured in liters of equivalent gasoline consumed. Figure 6 shows the percentage of fuel saved when an electric vehicle is used instead of a conventional one for complete the same work. Fig. 6. Decrease in percentage of fuel consumption of electric vehicles in comparison with conventional ones Electric vehicles have additional weight because they add in their powertrain system an auxiliary power system, such as batteries.
1, two current regulators are acting for controlling the flux (id regulator) and the torque (iq regulator). An additional decoupling term and feed-forward terms are added to the output of id,q regulators in order to make the two closed loop independent . This kind of control is very common for ac electrical drive applied to road vehicles. The control in field weakening region becomes quite complicated because the flux has to be reduced in order to maintain the motor voltage magnitude compatible with the maximum voltage deliverable by the inverter in relation to the battery dc voltage value.