By Margaret E. Keck
In Activists past Borders, Margaret E. Keck and Kathryn Sikkink study one of those strain team that has been mostly overlooked through political analysts: networks of activists that coalesce and function throughout nationwide frontiers. Their ambitions could be overseas agencies or the guidelines of specific states. historic examples of such transborder alliances comprise anti-slavery and girl suffrage campaigns. some time past twenty years, transnational activism has had an important effect in human rights, particularly in Latin the USA, and advocacy networks have strongly motivated environmental politics to boot. The authors additionally learn the emergence of a global crusade round violence opposed to women.
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Extra info for Activists Beyond Borders: Advocacy Networks in International Politics
II: International, ed. Richard A. Falk and Saul H. Mendlovitz (New York: World Law Fund, 1966), p. 164. 78 Louis Henkin, How Nations Behave: Law and Foreign Policy, 2d ed. (New York: Columbia University Press, 1979), p. 228. See also James Mayall, Nationalism and International Society (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1990), p. 20. 79 See Paul Sieghart, The Lawful Rights of Mankind: An Introduction to the International Legal Code of Human Rights (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1985), pp.
In an illustration of the boomerang effect, human rights activist Yuri Orlov said, “We do not have the means to reach our government. My appeal to Brezhnev probably got as far as the regional KGB office…. ”46 Domestic structures through which states and private actors can be held accountable to their pronouncements, to the law, or to contracts vary considerably from one nation to another, even among democracies. S. S. advocacy organizations that specialize in litigation. The existence of legal mechanisms does not necessarily make them feasible instruments, however; Brazil has had a diffuse interests law granting standing to environmental and consumer advocacy organizations since 1985, but the sluggishness of Brazil’s judiciary makes it largely ineffective.
Heclo, “Issue Networks”; Jack Hayward, “The Policy Community Approach to Industrial Policy,” in Comparative Political Dynamics: Global Research Perspectives, ed. Dankwart Rustow and Kenneth Paul Erickson (New York: HarperCollins, 1991), pp. 381–407; and Howard Aldrich and David A. Whetten, “Organization-sets, Action-sets, and Networks: Making the Most of Simplicity,” in Handbook of Organizational Design, ed. Paul Nystrom and William Starbuck (New York: Oxford University Press, 1981). This organization literature has occasionally been applied to international relations.